Same Sex Families in Europe
"Legal jungle: same-sex families trapped between EU countries" (from ILGA - Europe) highlights the key problems and discrimination same sex families and their children experience due to the lack of mutual recognition of civil status of their families.
A number of countries in Europe have introduced legislative measures to address some of the issues highlighted above by allowing both members of a same-sex couple to become legal parents of the same child.
European laws on adoption by same-sex couples
|Country||LGBT individual may petition to adopt||Same-sex couple may jointly petition to adopt||Same-sex partner may petition to adopt partner's child||Same-sex couples allowed to foster or stepchild foster|
|Italy||No||No||No||No (but singles can foster)|
|Lithuania||No (only in exceptional circumstances)||No||No||No|
|Portugal||Yes||No||No||No (but singles can foster)|